Machu Picchu is one of the most popular historical sites in Peru. It is a 15th-century Inca citadel and is native to the southern region of Peru. The city is high in the mountains at 7,970 feet. Civilization was abandoned as early as 1572. Due to its historical importance, the city receives many visitors every year.
However, due to its location, reaching Machu Picchu is not an easy task. Since it’s on the ridge, people have to hike all the way to the top. The hike is not easy and you have to prepare very well. Here are practical tips to follow.
10 Get used to the change in altitude
When hiking to Machu Picchu, there is a big difference in altitude. Since the target is at 7,970 feet, the physical impact can be severe. One can suffer from serious altitude sickness and can be challenging for people not used to it. It’s worse for people arriving from places where altitude is otherwise considered low. A visit to Cusco and a two-night stay is a good way to adjust to the change before boarding. Cusco is a good city with great surroundings.
9 Get the right immersive itinerary
Hiking to Machu Picchu is not just about the city. This is because it only takes 2 hours to enter the city for any visitor. Therefore, without a good itinerary, it will be difficult to enjoy the place. However, very good planning will give hikers more places to explore and enjoy the experience. There are several sights to see along the way. One of those places is Winyawayna where people can spend the night. Sun Gate is also a great place.
8th Physical training is a must
Hiking Machu Picchu is not easy. It’s a trek that finishes at an elevation of 7,970 feet. The journey is long and challenging and one must be physically prepared. Many visitors may hear about the city but are unprepared for the challenge of climbing. Physical training is all about making the body strong, flexible and fit for the climb. There are many ways to achieve this, e.g. B. going to the gym, running, swimming, hiking, walking or cycling.
7 Hydration and nutrition are crucial
You cannot hike successfully without having the right energy. Machu Pichu is no different. If you keep going, you sweat and use up a lot of energy. With the onset of altitude sickness, hydration and hunger are a serious concern. A traveler must ensure that they are well fed before beginning the trek. You also need to take enough water with you, making sure to use reusable bottles, and snacks too. Since altitude slows digestion, eating before the start of the trek is a good way to get enough energy.
6 Prepare for the weather
Hiking to Machu Picchu presents hikers with weather-related challenges. This is because it can be hot or rainy and one may not be able to predict what will happen on the mountain. In some cases one may start the trek when it is hot and then find rain on the mountain. Therefore, preparing for the weather is crucial. The use of light trousers is ideal. This ensures that there are no excessive thermal effects. A waterproof jacket and good hiking shoes are also practical, so that you don’t miss out even in the rain. For those going to camp, some heavy clothing is good for the cooler evening temperatures.
5 skin protection
Since hiking to this historic site involves trails through the forest and up into the mountains, care should be taken to protect your skin. There are many insects that can pose a major threat to skin. This is especially true for those who go camping. Another challenge is heat. When hiking in hot weather, the chances of getting a sunburn are very high. Because of this, a visitor is advised to bring sunscreen and extra insect repellent.
4 Porters are important
Many hikers assume that hiking Machu Picchu is an easy task that they can do on their own. For most visitors this is not the case. The way up the mountain is difficult and full of challenges. The probability of getting lost is quite high. Therefore, new visitors should be careful to use the services of porters. Porters are very useful as they help guide you through the route. They also know where to rest and how to deal with various challenges along the route.
These are some of the small details that are often forgotten and lead to suffering. When hiking and camping, rest is key. However, having only hiking boots and nothing else to change can be very uncomfortable for your feet. After a day of hiking you have to switch to light, open shoes for the night.
2 Walking stick is crucial
A hiking stick is an essential tool for this type of hiking. It may not be highly rated, but it comes in handy when it comes to climbing steep places as well as when going downhill. A walking stick is easy to get. One can buy porters or speak to them for help acquiring one.
1 Join a group
Hiking Machu Picchu is nearly impossible, especially for visitors unfamiliar with the area. Therefore, the secret to getting motivation, help and a full understanding of the best route is to join a group. There are many people willing to trek with friends and it can become an enjoyable experience.
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